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JRA Legal and Conveyancing,

Coorumbung Rd,

Broadmeadow, NSW, 2292, 

Phone 0438 879 791,   © 2018

lawyer, solicitor, newcastle, lake macquarie

MAKING A WILL | WHAT MAKES A VALID WILL

WHAT IS A WILL?

A will is a legal document which sets out who will receive your property when you die. As well as giving away property in your will you can appoint the person you want to be your executor to make sure the will is followed, and if you have young children you can also appoint someone to be their guardian. When you have a valid will, you give yourself the best chance of making sure your assets go where you want them to. If you are over eighteen (18) years old you should make a will. This is particularly important if other people are financially dependent on you.

WHAT MAKES A WILL VALID?

A will generally needs three things to be valid:
• It must be in writing (whether handwritten, typed or printed)
• It must be signed and should be dated, and
• Your signature must be witnessed by two other people who also

need to sign the will. Even when the will seems to be valid, sometimes

it can be challenged. It might be challenged, for example, if you did not

know or understand what you were signing, or if you were forced to sign against your will.

WHAT HAPPENS IF YOU DIE WITHOUT A WILL?

If you die without a valid will (known legally as ‘dying intestate’) a standard formula is used to distribute your property and possessions. Usually, this means all your assets will pass to your spouse or children. But the situation becomes much more complex if you have a legal spouse and a de facto spouse (ie you’ve separated and have a new unmarried partner), if you have children from different relationships, or if you die with no spouse and no children. The standard formula only takes into account certain family members. So having a valid will is vital if you do not have close family members or want to leave gifts to friends or charities.

WHO MAKES SURE YOUR WISHES ARE CARRIED OUT

When you make a will you’ll need to appoint an executor, who will handle your affairs when you die. You can name more than one executor, but it is important to choose people who will be willing and able to work with each other. An executor’s role is to obtain probate, pay your debts, and distribute your assets in line with your will. Before you nominate someone as executor or trustee, you should make sure they’re comfortable taking on the responsibility you’re giving them. It’s often a good idea to appoint someone younger than you, or to nominate an alternative executor, in case the one you have appointed dies before you do. It is also important to choose someone you trust, who will take responsibility for ensuring that your estate is properly administered. Because of their expertise in administering wills, people often choose to appoint their solicitor as executor.

CAN YOU CHANGE YOUR WILL?

You are free to change your will whenever you like. And you should always change your will when your circumstances change – for instance, if you divorce or remarry, or if one of your beneficiaries dies. But you can’t just change your will by crossing something out and writing something different. As with a will, changes to a will need to be in writing and signed and witnessed by two people.Where you want to make a major change to your current will, it is usually better to make a whole new will.

WHAT HAPPENS IF YOU MARRY OR DIVORCE?

Generally, getting married cancels the terms of any will you have previously made. There are some exceptions, which your solicitor can explain to you. If you divorce, it cancels any gift you made to your former spouse under your will. Again there are some exceptions, which your solicitor can explain to you. You should always make a new will if you marry, divorce, if you have separated from your spouse, or if you have started a de facto relationship.

WHO CAN YOU LEAVE YOUR ASSETS TO?

You can leave your assets to whoever you like, but you have a general obligation to provide adequately for your spouse or de facto partner, your children, and any other dependents. If you don’t they can bring a claim against your estate.

WHERE SHOULD YOU KEEP A WILL?

You should always keep your will in a safe place and let your executor know where to find it. That’s because, if you misplace your will and no one can find it, this will create problems and may prevent your will being effective. Your solicitor can store your will for you (usually free of charge) and give you a copy for your own records. The truth about homemade wills. Some people choose to make their own will. We think that’s a mistake. Although writing your own may seem easy enough, the law around wills can be complex. When you make a homemade will, you risk not drawing it up properly or not expressing your intentions clearly enough. Many homemade wills lead to delay and additional legal costs after the person has died. In the worst cases the wishes of the person who made the will are not followed because of some problem with the will. That’s why, when you make your will, it’s important you have it drafted by someone who understands the law and can advise you on the best way to make sure your assets end up where you want them to. And that means engaging a solicitor.

HOW CAN A SOLICITOR HELP?

It’s a good idea to involve your solicitor or estate planning lawyer whenever you have questions or want to plan, create or make changes to your will or draw up a new will. Your solicitor can prepare all the relevant and important sections of a will. Your lawyer will make sure your will and estate plan is valid and that it is properly drawn up, signed and witnessed. Your lawyer will make sure you’ve expressed your wishes in the best possible way, so nothing is left to chance.

Your solicitor with estate planning knowledge will advise you on your rights and obligations to your spouse or de facto partner, children and other dependents. Your lawyer can advise you on tax planning, including the best way to minimise any potential capital gains tax from the gifts you’re making. Your lawyer gives you a thorough understanding of the role of your executor and trustee and help you choose appropriate ones. Your lawyer will advise you on what happens to your superannuation after you die. Your lawyer will advise you on making a power of attorney and appointing an enduring guardian. Your lawyers can store your will in a safe place so your executor knows where it is. JRA Legal can assist with all aspects of making a valid will, enduring guardianship and powers of attorney. Call JRA legal with any questions you may have.